Aphten – Eine schmerzhafte Angelegenheit

Aphten sind entzündliche, sehr schmerzhafte Geschwüre, die an der Innenseite der Wangen, auf dem Zahnfleisch, am Gaumen, auf oder unter der Zunge, und bisweilen sogar auch im Hals auftreten können. Unbehandelt heilen sie meistens innerhalb von sieben bis zwölf Tagen ab.

Aphten haben einen recht geringen Durchmesser von 1-8 mm und sind sehr schmerzhaft. Bereits das Berühren der Geschwüre führt oft zu einem quälenden Schmerzerlebnis. Auch das Sprechen oder Schlucken kann sehr schmerzhaft werden, je nachdem, wo im Mundraum sich die Aphte befindet.

Mögliche Betroffene sind Menschen aller Altersgruppen, beginnend meist zwischen dem 20.-30. Lebensjahr. Frauen sind häufiger betroffen als Männer.

  • Ursache

Die Ursache der Aphte ist in den meisten Fällen nicht genau bekannt. Experten gehen davon aus, dass der Betroffene aufgrund von Vererbung auf bestimmte ,,Auslöser‘‘ reagiert.

Mögliche Auslöser für Aphten im Mund sind: Wunden, ein schwaches Immunsystem, eine empfindliche/allergische Reaktion und Arzneimittel.

  • Behandlung

Leider gibt es kein Arzneimittel, das Aphten bekämpft und sie für immer verschwinden lässt. Meist besteht die Behandlung aus Schmerzlinderung und der Verhinderung der weiteren Ausbreitung im Mund. Nur wenn bekannt ist, durch welchen Auslöser die Aphten hervorgerufen  wurden, können weitere Aphten durch die Meidung dieses Auslösers verhindert werden.

  • Vorbeugung

Wenn bekannt ist, durch welchen Auslöser die Aphten beim Betroffenen verursacht werden, sollte man versuchen diese zu meiden. Ist der Auslöser noch nicht bekannt, sollte der Betroffene mit Hilfe eines Kalenders aufschreiben, wann, bei welchen Nahrungsmitteln und in welcher körperlichen oder seelischen Belastungssituation Aphten bei ihm auftreten. Dies erleichtert es dem Arzt, sich ein Bild vom individuellen Profil der auslösenden Faktoren zu machen.


Aphten sind nicht ansteckend.

Keep your child healthy this winter

Winter can seem so much worse when you’ve got a child to protect. Try these strategies to stave off chilly weather, guard against germs, and keep your baby healthy.

Wash his hands

Regular hand washing is the simplest, most effective way to get rid of cold and flu bugs. Teach your child to wash his hands with soap and warm water after using the toilet, before meals and regularly during the day.


Eat warming food and vitamins


Warm your baby from the inside out with hearty dishes. You can give him soups and stews. Include plenty of ginger, garlic and honey (if your baby is over one year) in your family’s diet because these foods warm up the body naturally.


Too, opt for oranges and dark green veggies as spinach, vitamin C-rich food, to give you a good boost.




First of all, and depending on your child’s age, make sure they’re getting the right amount of sleep at night and naps if needed during the day. Dressing your baby for sleep is especially important, babies sleep better when they’re comfortable. If your baby is in bed with you, she’s benefiting from the heat of your body and doesn’t need as many clothes.

Make sure your child’s vaccines are up to date
You can help protect your child from some viruses and bacteria simply by making sure his vaccinations are up to date and that he gets a yearly flu shot.


Drink plenty

At any age, it is important to stay hydrated, to boost immunity. In colder seasons, you still need to drink plenty because you don’t sweat as much. Water is the best option, along with your child’s milk, and some watered-down juice on occasion.

New Year: 3 easy ways to lose weight

After the culinary excesses of the festive season, it is no surprise that one of the most common New Year resolution is to lose weight. And while reaching a healthy weight can take commitment and willpower, there are some tried and tested approaches that should make the task easier. Here you will find simple and scientifically proven things you can start doing today to weight loss.

Drink water

We already know how essential water is to good health. In fact, it is the one of oldest rules in the dieting book but drinking water really does help you slim down. People often think that they’re hungry when they are just thirsty so next time you feel like snacking reach for the tap first.

Invest in a good water bottle and carry it everywhere! It will encourage you to be motivated throughout the day. Drinking water can help you feel full and some experts reckon you should drink a glass before you eat a meal.

Get active

Get exercising! Burn calories by energising your lifestyle. If you’re scared of signing up for a lifetime gym membership then make small changes to your routine instead, like walking for 30 minutes each day.

If walking or joining a gym sounds too boring, try taking up a new hobby that helps you get physical. Swimming, dancing, rocks climbing and even bowling are great ways to shape up while still having fun.

Watch less TV

Some studies indicate that time spent in front of the tube to a higher risk for overweight and obesity. It makes sense. In fact, all that time lounging on your couch is time you’re not spending at the gym of getting active.

3 Ways to stay happy this winter

If you suffer from the winter blues, find here some ways to get through the bitterest days.

Find things to enjoy about winter

A snowy, icy, cold or rainy world can be beautiful and often has sounds and smells all its own. If you like to make pictures, winter provides a great deal of inspiration and different colours to work with.

Take a long walk

A long walk is one of the greatest joys of the winter! There is something magical, because it gives you a powerful morning light cue, and you can appreciate the nature differently. If you have a dog, keep walking him during the winter, taking care (view our post about how protect your dog during the winter).

Eat healthy food

If you don’t care, both with food and drink can leave you groggy and sluggish during the winter. Healthy food is good for the brain, as green leady vegetables, Brussels sprouts, sweet potatoes and food rich in Omega 3. Too, maintain your vitamin intake. Vitamin B is important to help stop you feeling blues.

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Tips for caring your dog this winter

The winter season can be a beautiful time of year, holidays and festivities, but if we’re not careful and aware it can be a dangerous one for our dog. Not all dogs are created equal when it comes to cold weather tolerance. Obviously, a Siberian Husky is more prepared for the snow than a Chihuahua, but a thick coat doesn’t mean a dog can’t get frostbite or hypothermia in extreme weather.

Increase the calories

For a dog that spend a lot of time outside, increase the amount of food they eat. You can do this by switching from one meal a day to two or even three small servings. Too, you can simply change the food to a more calorie dense food.


You should keep your dog indoors during the freezing months, especially if you live in cold areas. Repeatedly coming out of the cold into the dry heat of your home can cause itchy, flaking skin. Keep your home humidified and towel dry your dog as soon as he comes inside, paying special attention to his feet and in-between the toes. Remove any snowballs from between his footpads.

Never shave down to the skin in winter and bundle up your dog

A longer coat provides more warmth. If your dog is short-haired, consider getting him a coat or sweater with a high collar with coverage from the base of the tail to the belly.

If your dog doesn’t have a thick, plush hair coat consider a winter jacket. Make sure the jacket is snug and that your dog doesn’t urinate on the bottom belly strap, which can then worsen frostbite or cold injury.

Keep an eye out for frostbite

20 minute walks outside are unlikely to result in a problem, but if you take your dog running for prolonged hours at a time, ice crystals can develop in peripheral tissues like the ears, prepuce, vulva, tail tip, and toes. Keep an eye out and be really careful for the signs as redness, coolness when you touch, swelling or eventual sloughing of the tissue.

If you do notice any signs of frostbite, make sure to bring your dog into a sheltered, warm area immediately.

Are you deficient in magnesium?

Symptoms of poor magnesium intake can include muscle cramps, facial tics, poor sleep, depression, headaches, premenstrual syndrome and different chronic pains. So what exactly does it mean to have a magnesium deficiency, and what are some magnesium deficiency symptoms?

Magnesium function

Magnesium is involved in more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. It helps maintain normal muscle contraction and relaxation, nerve function, heart rhythm, healthy immune system and strong bones. It helps in the production and transportation of energy, manufacturing of protein and enzymatic reactions. Moreover, it regulates blood sugar levels, promotes normal blood pressure and prevents chronic disorder as hypertension, cardiovascular problems and diabetes.

Neurological signs

Early signs of magnesium deficiency can include gastrointestinal disturbances. This can range from a loss of appetite to nausea or vomiting.

Moreover, some studies have shown a link between magnesium and nervous system. Sometimes, this mineral seems to have a positive effect on stress, irritability, anxiety and depression. On top of that, memory or cognitive problems can be because of a lack of magnesium.

Muscular signs

Magnesium has been shown to stabilize the nerve axon, the nerve fiber that transmits information away from the nerve cell body. When the amount of magnesium drops, the result influence the neuromuscular activity, which can mean muscle tremors, spams, cramps and weakness. Too, a magnesium deficiency causes a variety of symptoms including vertigo, a loss of balance and feeling of dizziness.

Cardiovascular signs

Low magnesium levels have been found to be the best predictor of heart disease, contrary to the traditional belief that cholesterol or saturated fat play the biggest roles. Previous research has revealed low magnesium to be linked with all known cardiovascular risk factors like high blood pressure, arterial plaque build-up, cholesterol and hardening of the arteries. People who are deficient in the mineral are prone to arrhythmia — or abnormal heart rhythm.

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It’s December: ways to avoid getting sick

Winter and December are the season for colds and flu. Every year, there are over 1 billion cases of the common cold, and 200 000 people hospitalized with flu complications. Find here some ways you can minimise your risks of catching colds and flu.

Keep your hands away from your face and wash it

Most people unconsciously touch their mouth, nose, eyes and lips hundreds of times a day. The easiest way to catch a cold is for the virus to enter your system through your nose, eyes and mouth. So avoid touching your face by biting your nails, scratching your nose and more.

By washing your hands frequently, at least 20 seconds with soap and water, you can eliminate the virus from your hands and nip the virus’s journey in the bud. In the absence of soap and water, keep a bottle of hand sanitizer handy.

Fresh air and house disinfection

It is really important to open your window during the winter. Hanging out and sleeping in a stuffy room with no circulating air only increases your risk of catching a virus.

The cold and flu virus can live on surfaces for over 2 hours, which is why it’s so important to wash your hands frequently when you’re out in public. Disinfect your house frequently, paying special attention to door handles and knobs, kitchen counters and remote controls.

Sleep soundly

Not sleeping harms your immune system, which makes you more susceptible to sickness. A single workweek of less than four hours of sleep a night can alter the way your genes function, changing pathways that switch on your immune response and potentially increasing inflammation.

Drink water

Water is so important to flush the body out and rid it of germs or illness. It’s crucial to drink tons of water when you are feeling the onset of any cold symptoms, and to prevent developing any cold or flu symptoms. Water keeps you hydrated and healthy.

Eat healthy

A lot of illnesses can be totally cured just by changing eating habits, and opting for a healthy diet. Intake a lot of antioxidants, vitamins and water. Eating 8 servings of brightly colored vegetables each day keeps your immune system in shape.

Why you should drink herbal tea in winter ?

When the weather is cold and during the winter, herbal teas are very interesting because they’re warm and keep us hydrated. Moreover, they give us really good health benefits from the herbs.


This is a really good cold and flu remedy that has been used for many years to calm down the symptoms. Dau guring the winter, a warm cup of ginger tea will refresh you with full of zest and vigour. It is a great immune booster and aids a sick stomach: it is a digestive aid. Too, ginger is anti-inflammatory and may help with arthritis and joint health.

Chamomile tea

Chamomile belongs to the plant genus Matricaria, which means “womb” in Latin. If it has antispasmodic properties, it can help too relieve painful gas, bloating and cramps. On top of that, chamomile helps calm you down by relaxing the nerves and calming the stomach. For best results, drink a cup of chamomile tea around 30 minutes before bedtime.

Black tea with rose

This tea has a wonderful aroma of rose petals, which add sweetness. It has a beautiful aroma and it can help to move any blockages, particularly in the middle section of the body. For women, this can be great for menstrual cramps.

Lavender tea

Lavender is a well-known herb, which is usually used under your pillows. In fact, it promotes relaxation, good sleep and reduce stress. Another common traditional use for lavender tea is for digestive issue relief, including nervous stomach and indigestion.

Peppermint tea

Peppermint helps to naturally de-stress the body and relax muscles. In fact, it reduces nausea and relieves anxiety. It can too reduce abdominal gas and bloating.

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Muscle cramps and pains

A muscle cramp is a sudden and involuntary contraction of one or more of your muscles. Muscle cramps are caused by overuse of a muscle, dehydration, stress or fatigue. Sometimes, cramp can appear without apparent reason, because of a faulty chemical signal from the nervous system that tells the muscle to contract. Some remedies are possible to relieve muscle pain.

Calcium and magnesium

90% fo muscle cramps are caused by calcium deficiency. You can take calcium supplements every day and if you still have cramps and spasms, you probably need to switch theses supplements. Magnesium maintains normal muscle and nerve function. Don’t forget that you have to drink a lot of mineral water too.

Calcium and magnesium supplements


Ancient herb used to treat a variety of ailments including muscle spasms, chamomile have anti-inflammatory properties. If chamomile tea can help to relax muscles, chamomile essential oil helps to relieve muscle pain.

Vitamin D

People who have regular muscle pain or cramp may be deficient in vitamin D. you can take food supplement to have this vitamin, but you also can get it in foods like eggs, fish and fortified milk.

Cherry juice

Cherry can help in combatting inflammation and muscle pain or cramps that is so common in runners for example. Too, cherry juice can minimize post-run pain.

Sympoms about iron deficiency

Importance of iron

Iron is an essential nutrient but many people don’t get enough. Iron is essential, as it makes your cells work properly, helping your memory and concentration, helping in depression, driving body’s energy supplies and helping form haemoglobin in the red blood cells. The most common symptom of all types of anemia is tiredness. Fatigue occurs because your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to its many parts.

You have heavy period

In women, the number-one cause of iron deficiency is too heavy periods. In fact, women feel tired because they loose too much blood and replace about half of it. If you have to change your tampon more frequently than every two hours, talk to your gynaecologist.

You are looking pale

Haemoglobin gives your blood red color, so your skin its rosy hue. Low levels of proteins can suck the colour straight from your skin.

Irritability and other symptoms

First of all, iron deficiency can trick you into feeling more anxious. Other possible symptoms are red, inflamed tongue, dizziness, headache, difficulty to maintain body temperature, shortness of breath and irritability, because of the fatigue and the stress caused by lack of oxygen.

Iron food supplements